The City Of Machu Picchu

Machu Picchu – the ancient city in Peru, its age – about 600 years. It consists of thousands of stones weighing up to 20 tons. This is a great legacy of the ancient American empires. The city is at the sharp ridge of the Peruvian Andes and is undoubtedly one of the most amazing places on Earth.

Город Мачу Пикчу

Machu Picchu is not just a city! Between its houses built mysterious buildings, magnificent temples, that are somehow connected with the sun may, therefore, place for the construction of this mysterious city was not chosen randomly.

The Machu Picchu is built in adverse construction location: on the slopes and on the top of the mountain. So why did the ancient Indians built a city here, above the clouds? The answer to this question is stored in the history of the origin of the ancient Empire of the Incas.

Город Мачу Пикчу
In 1438 the warriors of the people of the chunk went to war on their neighbors, the Inca. While the enemies were detained at the gates of the capital, the old Emperor escaped, but his son did not give up. He led the Incas in the unequal fight, and in spite of that they won. After the victory of the people of the Inca gave to their new Emperor of the Holy name Pachacuti, which means the Converter world. Soon Pachacuti went to war on other Nations, occupying most part of the Pacific coast of South America, forming, thus, a great Empire of the Incas, with a population of over 10 million people.

Город Мачу Пикчу
Pachacuti began the construction of military installations, to control the vast territory of the new state. Also, he plans to build the magnificent city of Machu Picchu, showing its power. Some researchers say that Machu Picchu was a winter retreat for the Emperor, but others believe that the city was associated with religious beliefs. Ancient Incas revered the earth, the mountains and the sun. The Emperor Pachacuti and was a religious leader, he was a demigod-the son of the sun.

Город Мачу Пикчу
Machu Picchu, the researchers found a unique combination of natural phenomena that created the religious phenomenon known as axis Mundi or sacred center of the Earth. This is a sacred place that connects the sky, mountains and rivers. Around the city are natural objects, filled with spiritual meaning and that is why Machu Picchu is the perfect place to communicate with the gods.

But how the engineers managed to build a city here? Every year it drops about 2 metres of rain, are also frequent earthquakes. A terrific solution to these problems is the terrace. They strengthen mountain slopes, manage water runoff, and are narrow fields where the Incas grew crops. The terrace is made so well that after almost 600 years, they survived even the surface layer of soil.

Город Мачу Пикчу
But how the builders brought the stones here? They didn't know what the wheel and did not use any mechanisms. People, they moved the stones, but at the same time, to reduce friction, split the irregularities with smaller stones, the so-called bumpers. The workers did their job well, because they have been a huge motivation: they were proud of what you do, because the future city was the sacred axis.
Another problem faced by engineers and landslides. The decision was this: they dug a network of drainage canals that diverted the water, and thereby was the water supply for the entire city.

Город Мачу Пикчу
On the top of the stairs is the most unusual building in the city. This is the temple of the Sun or solar Observatory. In his window the sun perfectly at dawn in the winter solstice. But this temple has a dark side. Under him is a mysterious place, it is also a temple, perhaps here lay the mummies.

Город Мачу Пикчу
Through the highest point of the city is the sacred axis of Pachacuti. Boulder abstract shape is like a compass. Twice a year, in the days of the equinox the sun is directly above the sculpture and no shadows. She is also a pole, which symbolically tied the sun at the winter solstice, so it didn't fall.

Город Мачу Пикчу
During the time when Christopher Columbus discovered the American continent, followed by konkistadoryarmed horsemen. They brought the disease smallpox, which destroyed the Inca Empire. The city of Machu Picchu was never completely finished, evidenced by the rocks near the town, which was never delivered to destination.
One of the greatest buildings of the city of Machu Picchu, is an immortal monument of the great Inca Empire. Finished or not, this city is one of the most amazing places on Earth.

Город Мачу Пикчу

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7 комментариев к записи “The City Of Machu Picchu”

  1. Маша says:

    Ещё одна одна загадка истории, ещё одно прекрасное творение человека и природы и ещё одна тайна!

  2. Ольга says:

    По моему стоит побывать в городе Мачу Пикчу, чтобы прикоснуться к истокам древней цивилизации

  3. Катя says:

    Так хорошо описано, что хочется побывать в Мачу Пикчу, забраться на самую высокую точку города, пройтись меж храмов, да и просто побывать в этой загадочной атмосфере!

  4. Сергей says:

    Это действительно одно из самых удивительных мест на нашей планете. Даже не верится что, люди из далекого прошлого были способны построить такой город.

  5. Anna24 says:

    Мачу Пикчу – город с великолепной культурой и незабываемой культурой! Про него можно сказать, как про Париж – увидеть и умереть! Если побывать там хоть раз, то захочется побывать там снова и снова, так как не успеешь разглядеть все достопримечательности!

  6. Agata says:

    От многих лет туризм – основной источник доходов Перу, и Мачу Пикчу это устой этой прибыли. По вписанию развалин в список 7 Новых Чудес Мира, его значение еще возросло. Таинственный город делает большое впечатление, а дикие, крутые горы вокруг добавляют погода исключительности и возбуждают воображение.

  7. GreatMaster says:

    Очень интересно читать. Даже перечитать не жалко. Спасибо!

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